Knitting with Two Colors
Can't Remember How to Cast On or Bind Off?
Www.knittinghelp.com is a very helpful site for reminding you of/teaching you a range of techniques. There are videos, and it's free. Here's a link to the site's instructions for the Long Tail Cast On.
A common question about counting rows is whether or not the loops currently on the needle are counted as one additional row. The answer is no, they are not a separate row of their own, but part of a row.
To count the rows you have knit, in Stockinette Stitch, count the Vs on the 'right side', or one of the two little bumps (or ridges) formed by each purl stich on the 'wrong side'. In Garter Stitch, you would count rows by counting both the bumps and the vs in between the rows of bumps.
Making a Pompom
We usually prefer the look of a rather loose, funky pompom, instead of the more common, tighter ball. Here's how we make ours:
(You can use a pompom maker, or this simple method, with a piece of cardboard.) Wrap a length of yarn approx.20 yds/18 m long (more or less for a fuller or looser pompom) around and around a 2" - 3”/8 cm high x 4"/10 cm wide piece of cardboard (height depends on how large a pompom you want), not too tightly. Slip a second strand of yarn 12”/25 cm long, under the wraps at the bottom edge. Pull this strand very tight, to gather up the wrapped strands and tie a square knot. Cut the wrapped strands of yarn at the other end, off of the cardboard. Shake out your pompom and trim any ends that are longer than the rest, so you have an evenly round, puffy ball.
Attach the pompom to your hat by threading onto your darning needle, one at time, the two strands of yarn attached to the pompom through the top of the hat, in two different spots. On the inside of the hat, pull the threads down snugly and tie a secure knot up close to the top of the hat, to anchor the pompom.
If you want a more dense, traditional pom, use more yardage, wrapped more times around the cardboard, before you cut it off. You may need to experiment a bit to get the fullness you like, and suggest you may want use some 'scrap' yarn for this. (One more reason to never get rid of ANY yarn – it all has value!)
Making a Tassel
Cut 3 lengths of yarn, each 19“/48 cm long. (These will be braided and will become the tail from which the tassel is hung from the top center of the hat. One end of this tail needs to be incorporated into the tassel, to start.) Holding all three pieces together as one, lay them across the cardboard rectangle. Now begin to wrap another strand of yarn around the rectangle, (over these three strands) in the longest direction, 15 times, to form the tassel. Cut that strand from your ball of yarn. Snug the three lengths of tail yarn up to one end of the rectangle and tie them all together into a tight slip knot; this will gather one end of the tassel tightly together. Clamp the yarn-wrapped rectangle into a closed door or drawer to create a steady tension, to enable you to braid the tassel’s tail (6 strands, held together as 3 sections of 2 strands each). When done braiding, tie another slip knot so that all the tail strands are knotted together at one end. At the opposite end of the wrapped rectangle from the braided tie, cut the looped strands at the bottom, and remove the cardboard. Trim ends evenly. You can now let your tassel be loose, or take a new strand of yarn, 10" long and tie it tightly around the tassel, about 1/2" - 3/4" down from the top; wrap twice and tie in a square knot; cut strands of tie to same length as rest of tassel, so the tie strands can blend in. Attach tassel to hat by pushing the slip knotted end into the center top of the hat. Inside the hat, tie the tassel’s braided tail into a larger slip knot, so the tail won’t pull out of the hat. (If you need additional instruction, Google “making a yarn tassel”.)